Category: Articles

Citizenship by Investment: The Real Drivers Behind Applications

  In recent months, the CRBI industry has been the backdrop for controversy in several cases. In October 2018, Bulgarian officials were found guilty of selling forged documents, allegedly allowing thousands of individuals to buy European passports illegally. In January 2019, under mounting pressure, Bulgaria revoked the citizenship of Russian telecoms millionaire Sergei Adoniev, who […]

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Technology + Human Expertise: Together Enabling Efficient and Comprehensive Due Diligence

  The logistics of capturing and sorting through due diligence findings have changed markedly in recent years. A vast amount of information about the average individual is readily available online, driven by the elimination of paper, ease of content creation, and explosion of mobile capture. This volume has the potential to become a challenge in […]

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Sovereign Equity instead of Sovereign Debt: A Paradigm Shift for Public Finance

  A core premise of investment migration is to enhance a country’s economy in exchange for residence or citizenship rights for individual investors. This is a good description of a classic ‘win-win’ formula. However, it is clear that the benefits of residence- and citizenship-by-investment programs for host nations go far beyond extra funding for the […]

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The Sale of Conditional Citizenship: The Cyprus Investment Programme Under the Lens of EU Law

  In 2013, the Republic of Cyprus adopted the Scheme for Naturalisation through Investment, now called the Cyprus Investment Programme. In the past 6 years, the programme has been operating with great success and has been amended several times. According to this Programme, any third-country national can acquire Cypriot citizenship if they meet certain economic […]

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Neo-Nottebohmian 21st Century Genuine Links and Australia’s Indigenous Non-Citizens

  The International Court of Justice, in its 1955 judgment of Nottebohm, stated that nationality requires a ‘legal bond having at its basis a social fact of attachment, a genuine connection of existence.’[1] These famous yet contested words, if anything, presuppose an exclusively state-centric view, fixating the decision over in- and exclusion as being solely […]

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CIP Forward

  The world is changing – globalisation has become an irreversible norm. We live in a time of unprecedented global peace, a new Pax Romana where conflicts are more often resolved through sanctions than kinetic warfare. The private sector has been far more successful than nation states at eradicating diseases like polio and malaria (witness the work […]

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The Need for Standards, Education and Qualifications in the Investment Migration Industry

  More than ever before the global Investment Migration (IM) industry needs to demonstrate transparency, responsibility, high standards of integrity and enhanced due diligence processes, given the levels of scrutiny, comment and challenge currently being experienced.   As the IM industry matures and its popularity continues to develop there is a pressing need to demonstrate […]

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